sd Quattro

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In developing any product, SIGMA always has a primary objective in mind: fundamental performance that gives everyone the opportunity to take the perfect photograph. Offering breathtaking resolution, rich gradations and colors, and exceptional realism, the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor is a symbol of this never-ending pursuit of excellence. It delivers image quality so distinctively intense that even the temperature, humidity, and scent of a scene seem to impress themselves upon the viewer.

Presenting the ultimate digital camera experience, the new SIGMA sd Quattro series leverages the image quality of the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor to build a complete system compatible with all SIGMA GLOBAL VISION high-performance interchangeable lenses. The sd Quattro series allows photographers to express themselves with even more freedom and precision.

Believing that the lens is the key to the photograph, SIGMA has created a new camera for the true photographic artist that leverages the power of high-quality lenses. Test its performance with your own hands and eyes—and be amazed.

Design Detail

sd-Quattro

Designed for the artist who loves photographyFeaturing the 39-megapixel-equivalent Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor, this camera optimally balances outstanding image quality with fundamental performance.

Debuting in the new SIGMA dp Quattro series, the latest-generation Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor delivers superior resolution and expressive power. An APS-C size sensor, it offers 39-megapixel-equivalent resolution in combination with an optimal file size and efficient image processing speed. With its balanced performance, the SIGMA sd Quattro series sets a new standard for high-end cameras that leverage the capabilities of outstanding interchangeable lenses.

 

Two sensor sizes available The SIGMA sd Quattro incorporates an APS-C size sensor for outstanding medium format level image quality, while the SIGMA sd Quattro H features a new APS-H size sensor for 51 megapixel-equivalent ultra-high image quality.

Other cameras typically use a single-layer photo sensor covered by a Bayer filter mosaic, which comprises 50% green, 25% blue, and 25% red squares. In contrast, the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor uses no low-pass filter and is able to capture 100% of the data for blue, green, and red in each of its three layers. Due to this unique structure, the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor can generate up to twice the resolution data of sensors using a Bayer filter. The SIGMA sd Quattro has an APS-C-size sensor with 19.6 megapixels in its top layer, giving it an equivalent total of approximately 39 megapixels and the outstanding image quality expected of a medium format camera. The SIGMA sd Quattro H features a newly developed APS-H size sensor (26.6 x 17.9mm) with 25.5 megapixels in its top layer for an equivalent total of approximately 51 megapixels. This larger sensor takes Foveon image quality to the next level, delivering more detailed images than ever before.

Foveon direct image sensor The world’s only image capture system to use vertical color separation technology

Starting with our very first digital camera, we have featured the Foveon direct image sensor, which offers radically better image quality than any other sensor available. Leveraging the light absorption characteristics of silicon, the sensor comprises three layers of photodiodes, each at a different depth within the silicon and each corresponding to a different RGB color. Since it is the only sensor to use this superior vertical color separation technology, it is also the world’s only direct image sensor.

Almost all other image sensors are mosaic sensors, which use an array of RGB color filters in a single horizontal plane to capture color information. Each pixel is assigned only one of the three colors and cannot capture all three colors at once. In contrast, the Foveon direct image sensor captures color vertically, recording hue, value, and chroma accurately and completely for each pixel.

In the Foveon direct image sensor, there are no color filters which would cause a loss of information transmitted by light. Moreover, there is no low-pass filter needed to correct the interference caused by a color filter array. Finally, unlike the data from other sensors, which requires artificial interpolation to “fill in” missing colors, the data from the Foveon direct image sensor is complete for every single pixel and requires no interpolation. The unique technological principle of this sensor produces consistently outstanding image quality.

Newly developed Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor Now featuring 39 megapixel-equivalent ultrahigh resolution

Capturing the information transmitted by light vertically instead of horizontally, the full-color image capture system of the Foveon direct image sensor is the only one of its kind in the world. This system makes possible the sensor’s full-bodied image quality, which is characterized by rich tone and gradation and texture that one can almost touch.

The newly developed Foveon X3 Quattro is the latest generation of this unique sensor. While retaining the distinctive characteristics of its predecessors, it offers an even higher level of image quality. Resolution is 30% higher, and its noise characteristics are further enhanced. 

The new sensor structure features a ratio 1:1:4 for the number of red, green, and blue megapixels, respectively. The top layer captures luminance and color information, while the bottom two layers capture color information only. This unique structure prevents the deterioration of the signal-to-noise ratio that is typically associated with an ultrahigh megapixel count. At the same time, it makes possible high-speed data processing required for faithful color replication. Able to maintain the same exacting standard of image quality while increasing resolution and enhancing noise characteristics, this 1:1:4 solution was the inspiration for the name of the current generation of Foveon sensor: “Quattro.”

The new 1:1:4 structure (bottom 1: middle 1: top 4) offers higher resolution that is equivalent to 39 megapixels for conventional color filter array sensors.
In addition to this ultra-high resolution, the sensor offers enhanced noise characteristics and faster processing of high-volume image data.

Dual TRUE III for high-speed processing of high-volume data

TRUE (Three-layer Responsive Ultimate Engine) III is the dedicated image processing engine for the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor. SIGMA’s original algorithm processes data without loss of color detail or other image degeneration to deliver extremely detailed image expression with a noticeable 3D pop. In addition, by using two separate TRUE III engines, the camera is able to process data from the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor at extremely high speed.

Combination of two AF detection methods Speed versus focusing performance: two AF detection methods available for smoother and more accurate autofocusing.

Phase detection AF is superior for speed performance, while contract detection AF is superior for focusing accuracy. Combining these two methods in a single system delivers AF that is fast and precise at the same time. In addition, this approach to autofocus takes full advantage of the characteristics of high-performance lenses. The Single AF mode is optimal for everyday photography, while the Continuous AF mode is optimal for focusing on a moving object. In the latter mode, pressing the shutter button halfway causes autofocus to operate continuously, while Movement Prediction AF operates at the same time for more accurate autofocusing. A variety of other AF modes are also available. 9-Point Selection AF mode allows the user to select among nine focus frames. Free Movement AF mode allows the user to select the focus frame with high precision. Face Detection AF mode detects human faces and prioritizes focusing on them. The AF assist light incorporated in the camera body makes possible the use of AF even in low-light conditions.

New Super-Fine Detail exposure mode New SFD mode for lower-noise, higher-definition images

The new Super-Fine Detail (SFD) exposure mode brings out the full performance of the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor. One push of the shutter generates seven different exposures, creating RAW data in the X3I file format. Using this data with the SIGMA Photo Pro software package, the photographer can create noiseless images with an extensive dynamic range. With this new mode, the more detailed imaging potential of the Foveon X3 Quattro direct image sensor is fully leveraged. From each X3I file, individual X3F files may also be generated. The value of SFD exposure mode is especially apparent in studio photography.

Note: To prevent camera shake, SIGMA recommends the use of a tripod.

Continuous shooting of up to 14 images in RAW format

The DDR III high-speed, high-volume memory is approximately twice the capacity of that of the SIGMA dp Quattro. This allows the SIGMA sd Quattro to capture up to 14 RAW images (X3F files) in High size during continuous shooting (SIGMA sd Quattro H: up to 10 images). Leveraging high-speed data transfer and processing, the SIGMA sd Quattro offers a continuous shooting speed of up to 3.6 frames per second (SIGMA sd Quattro H: up to 3.8 frames per second). As a further option, when Low size is used, the SIGMA sd Quattro offers a continuous shooting speed of up to 5.1 frames per second and continuous shooting of up to 28 images (SIGMA sd Quattro H: up to 20 images).

 

Aiming for the ideal interchangeable lens digital camera

An sd Quattro series camera provides a feeling of solidity and superior usability when you take it in both hands to compose and shoot. Each is developed to have just the right weight and shape for portability and to offer better expandability as a complete system. Moreover, each features an ergonomic design to support an intuitive photographic experience.

High-resolution Super-High size images JPEG files in S-HI size (SIGMA sd Quattro: 39 megapixels; SIGMA sd Quattro H: 51 megapixels)

A variety of file sizes is available to accommodate a wide range of user needs. Using High-size files brings out the best performance from the image sensor, while using Low-size files increases the number of shots that can be stored in memory. In both of these file sizes, the camera can simultaneously create RAW and JPEG data. In addition, the camera can create JPEG files in S-HI size (SIGMA sd Quattro: 39 megapixels; SIGMA sd Quattro H: 51 megapixels), appropriate for large prints, as well as in S-Lo size, which is ideal for online sharing.

High-resolution electronic viewfinder

The high-resolution 2.36 mega-pixel electronic viewfinder features near-100% viewfinder coverage and a 1.09 magnification ratio. The viewfinder incorporates three lenses with the outermost lens specially coated to ensure a clear field of view. Using a switch next to the viewfinder, the user can toggle between displaying the image in the viewfinder and the monitor. In AUTO mode, the camera automatically switches to the viewfinder display when the user is looking through it and to the monitor when he or she is not. This mode allows seamless use of the viewfinder to take photographs and use of the monitor to access settings and confirm results. For extra convenience, many functions of the monitor are available via the electronic viewfinder itself, such as setting values, grid lines, electronic level, zoom, focus peaking and more.

Focus peaking function

This function puts a colored outline (white, black, red, or yellow) around the subject in the viewfinder for instant confirmation of the person or object currently in focus.

Dual monitors

In addition to the 1.62 mega-pixel 3.0 inch TFT LCD main monitor, the rear of the camera features a sub-monitor that displays the number of remaining shots on the SD card, shutter speed, aperture value, ISO level, and more. This extra monitor makes it easy to watch the live view and confirm key information at the same time. A sheet of special material lies between the two LCDs and the protective glass that covers them. This sheet prevents air pockets from forming and minimizes reflections, ensuring excellent display visibility in sunlight.

Intuitive user interface helps user focus attention on creative work

Building on the success of previous SIGMA user interfaces, the new UI is more intuitive than ever. Located next to the shutter button, the Quick Set button provides instant access to the Quick Set Menu, which allows the user to quickly adjust commonly used settings while continuing to look through the viewfinder. Located on the top of the body, the LOCK switch prevents the accidental pressing of buttons, helping keep the user’s attention on the creative work. The buttons that are locked with this switch may also be customized by the user. Located on the rear of the camera near the selector are several controls for commonly used functions. Easily accessed with the thumb of the right hand, they include the menu button, focus frame button, and AEL/AF button with lever.

Camera | sd Quattro
Specifications

  sd Quattro sd Quattro H
Format
Format Interchangeable-Lens Digital Camera
Compatible Lenses SIGMA SA mount interchangeable lenses
Lens Mount SIGMA SA bayonet mount
Angle of View Equivalent to approx. 1.5 times the focal length of the lens (on 35mm cameras) Equivalent to approx. 1.3 times the focal length of the lens (on 35mm cameras)
Image Sensor
Image Sensor Foveon X3 direct image sensor(CMOS)
Image Sensor Size 23.5×15.5mm (0.9 inch×0.6inch) 26.6×17.9mm (1.0 inch×0.7 inch)
Number of Pixels Effective Pixels: Approx. 29MP
T(Top): 5,424×3,616 / M(Middle): 2,720×1,808 / B(Bottom): 2,720×1,808
Total Pixels: Approx. 33MP
Effective Pixels: Approx. 44.8MP T(Top): 6,200×4,152 / M(Middle): 3,348×2,232 / B(Bottom): 3,348×2,232
Total Pixels: Approx. 45MP
Aspect Ratio 3:2
Recording System
Storage Media SD Card, SDHC Card, SDXC Card, Eye-Fi Card
File Format Lossless compression RAW data (14-bit), JPEG (Exif2.3), RAW+JPEG
JPEG Image Quality FINE, NORMAL, BASIC
Color Mode 11 types ( Standard, Vivid, Neutral, Portrait, Landscape, Cinema, Sunset Red, Forest Green, FOV Classic Blue,FOV Classic Yellow, Monochrome )
File Size

RAW

HIGH T:5,424×3,616 / M:2,712×1,808 / B:2,712×1,808
LOW T:2,704×1,808 / M:2,704×1,808 / B:2,704×1,808

JPEG

[21:9]
S-HI 7,680×3,296
HIGH 5,424×2,328
LOW 2,704×1,160
S-LO 1,920×816
[16:9]
S-HI 7,680×4,320
HIGH 5,424×3,048
LOW 2,704×1,520
S-LO 1,920×1,080
[3:2]
S-HI 7,680×5,120
HIGH 5,424×3,616
LOW 2,704×1,808
S-LO 1,920×1,280
[4:3]
S-HI 6,816×5,120
HIGH 4,816×3,616
LOW 2,400×1,808
S-LO 1,696×1,280
[7:6]
S-HI 6,352×5,120
HIGH 4,480×3,616
LOW 2,224×1,808
S-LO 1,584×1,280
[1:1]
S-HI 5,120×5,120
HIGH 3,616×3,616
LOW 1,808×1,808
S-LO 1,280×1,280

RAW

HIGH T:6192×4128 / M:3096×2064 / B:3096×2064
LOW T:3088×2056 / M:1544×1028 / B:1544×1028

JPEG

[21:9]
S-HI 8,768×3,752
HIGH 6,192×2,648
LOW 3,088×1,320
S-LO 1,920×816
[16:9]
S-HI 8,768×4,928
HIGH 6,192×3,480
LOW 3,088×1,736
S-LO 1,920×1,080
[3:2]
S-HI 8,768×5,840
HIGH 6,192×4,128
LOW 3,088×2,056
S-LO 1,920×1,280
[4:3]
S-HI 7,792×5,840
HIGH 5,504×4,128
LOW 2,736×2,056
S-LO 1,696×1,280
[7:6]
S-HI 7,296×5,840
HIGH 5,152×4,128
LOW 2,560×2,056
S-LO 1,584×1,280
[1:1]
S-HI 5,840×5,840
HIGH 4,128×4,128
LOW 2,048×2,048
S-LO 1,280×1,280
White Balance
Settings 12 types ( Auto, Auto (Lighting Source Priority), Daylight, Shade, Overcast, Incandescent, Fluorescent, Color Temperature,Flash, Custom 1, Custom 2, Custom 3 )
Viewfinder
Type Electronic viewfinder (approx. 2,360,000 pixels color LCD monitor)
Viewfinder Frame Coverage approx. 100%
Viewfinder Magnification approx. 1.09x (-1m-1, 50mm F1.4 at infinity)
Eye point approx. 21mm (–1m-1)
Diopter Adjustment Range approx. -4m-1 to +2m-1
Autofocus
Auto Focus Type Phase difference detection system + Contrast detection system
AF Point 9 points select mode, Free move mode (It is possible to change the size of Focus Frame to Spot, Regular and Large),Face Detection AF Mode
AF Operating Range EV -1~EV 18 (ISO100 F1.4)
Focus Mode Single AF, Continuous AF (with AF motion prediction function), Manual
Focus Lock AEL/AF lock button is pressed or shutter release button is pressed halfway
Exposure Control
Metering Systems Evaluative Metering, Spot Metering, Center-Weighted Average Metering
Metering Range EV 0~EV 17 (50mm F1.4 ISO100)
Exposure Control System (P) Program AE (Program Shift is possible), (S) Shutter Speed Priority AE, (A) Aperture Priority AE, (M) Manual
ISO Sensitivity ISO 100-6400
Exposure Compensation ±5 EV (in 1/3 stop increments)
AE Lock AEL/AF lock button is pressed or shutter release button is pressed halfway
Auto Bracketing Number of shots: 3, or 5 (Appropriate, under, over; 1/3EV steps up to ±3EV for appropriate exposure)
Shutter
Shutter Type Electronically Controlled Focal Plane Shutter
Shutter Speed 1/4000 - 30 sec., Bulb (With Extended Mode : Max. 2 min.)
External Flash Sync. X-Sync(1/180)
Flash
Connectivity Hot shoe (contact X synchronization at 1/180 sec. or less, with dedicated flash linking contact)
Sync Terminal Available
LCD Monitor
Type TFT color LCD monitor
Monitor Size 3.0"
LCD Pixels Approx. 1,620,000 pixels
Coverage 100%
Electronic Level Display Available
Playback
Reviewing Images Single frame display, 9 frames multi display, Zoom, Slide Show
Highlight Display Available
Histogram Available
Menu
LCD Monitor Language English / Japanese / German / French / Spanish / Italian / Simplified Chinese / Traditional Chinese / Korean / Russian /Dutch / Polish / Portuguese / Danish / Swedish / Norwegian / Finnish
Interfaces
Interfaces USB (USB3.0, micro B), HDMI (Type C mini-pin HDMI connector), Remote
Power Source
Power Li-ion Battery BP-61, Battery Charger BC-61, AC adapter SAC-7 (optional) [DC connector CN-31, AC cable (supplied)]
Dimensions and Weight
Dimensions 147mm/5.79"(W) × 95.1mm /3.74"(H) × 90.8mm/3.57"(D) 147mm/5.79"(W) × 95.1mm /3.74"(H) × 90.8mm/3.57"(D)
Weight 625g / 22oz. (without battery and card) TBD
Operating Environment
Operating Temperature 0 - +40℃
Price
sd Quattro Body -
Accessories
Accessories Li-ion Battery Pack BP-61 / Battery Charger BC-61 / AC Cable of Battery Charger / USB Cable / Strap / Body Cap /Instruction Manual / Limited Warranty / Warranty Sticker
Optional Accessories
Optional Accessories Power Glip PG-41 / AC Adapter SAC-7 / Cable Release Switch CR-31 / Electronic Flash EF-630 / Li-ion Battery BP-61 /Battery Charger BC-61 (AC cable is supplied) / AC adapter SAC-7(optional)[DC connector CN-31, AC cable (supplied)]

The appearance and specifications are subject to change without a notice.

Camera | sd Quattro
Accessories

  • POWER GRIP: PG-41

    This accessory boosts the battery capacity of the camera by holding up to two dedicated batteries. In combination with the battery inside the camera, this accessory makes it possible to enjoy up to 200% more shooting time. Offering outstanding usability in both the horizontal and vertical positions, the grip incorporates an ON/OFF button, two command dials, an AF/AEL button, and a FUNC button. It is designed for an exceptionally comfortable grip and is dust-proof and splash-proof.

  • ELECTRONIC FLASH: EF-630 SA-STTL

    The high-power EF-630 flash enables S-TTL automatic flash metering. It has wireless flash connectivity and a high-speed synchronization function that can be used at high shutter speeds, giving photographers further scope for creative expression.

  • FLASH USB DOCK: FD-11

    This accessory is used to dock the EF-630 and update its firmware in the exclusive SIGMA Optimization Pro software. The dock is connected to a personal computer via a USB cable.

  • CABLE RELEASE SWITCH: CR-31

    This cable release allows releasing the shutter without touching the camera by connecting it to camera USB terminal. It is useful when attaching the camera to a tripod, and releasing the shutter from a distance, or slow shutter. (Cable length: Approximately 1m)

  • BATTERY CHARGER: BC-61

    This dedicated battery charger is included as standard equipment with the camera.

  • LITHIUM-ION BATTERY: BP-61

    This dedicated battery is included as standard equipment with the camera.

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